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A Video of Complete Heart Transplant, Check It Out!

heart transplant

Image credit: Videos for Medicos.

Heart disease has now become the top cause of death in the world. As nearly 50,000 people are urgently waiting for heart transplant, only 5,000 patients have undergone their surgeries annually.

The first case of heart transplant surgery was observed in 1967 in Cape Town, South Africa. After the death of a 25-year-old woman owing to a car accident, her heart was transplanted into a 55-year-old man. It was a great pity that the man died 18 days after the surgery. As rejection happened quite often in early cases, most patients failed to survive for a few weeks, so not many were performed. In the following decades, survival rates had been increased thanks to meticulous tissue-matching and better medications.

At present, the survival rate for recipients of donated hearts reaches ninety percent after one year and seventy-four percent after five years respectively. It is hoped that such figures should go up as more progress would be made in regard to the continued efforts in replacement organs from stem cells.

Before the surgery, potential recipients should receive psychological evaluation as well as the various tests regarding tissue type so as to ensure that they are so healthy to sustain the new organ. As soon as a donor heart is available, the selection of recipients would be made on the basis of several factors, such as time on wait list, prognosis as well as proximity to the available donor organ.

When the preparation for transplant surgery is ready, the recipient will undergo the general anesthesia and be connected to a cardiopulmonary bypass machine. When the blood has been entirely diverted from the heart, the old heart is taken off and replaced with the donor organ. After the new heart being sewn into place, the blood is transmitted back to the heart, and then the heart will be shocked into beating. Before the close-up is completed, the surgeon will carefully monitor whether the heart is functioning in a proper way without any leaks.

It is obvious that what the following video presents is graphic, but totally surprising. So you are kindly advised to watch it with discretion, because you will see that someone’s heart get cut right out of their chest.

Source: IFLScience

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